MedlinePlus: Cholesterol Medicines

What is cholesterol?

Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can stick to the walls of your arteries and narrow or even block them. This puts you at risk for coronary artery disease and other heart diseases.

There are two main types of cholesterol. LDL is the “bad” cholesterol. A high LDL level leads to a buildup of cholesterol in your arteries. HDL is the “good” cholesterol. It carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Then your liver removes the cholesterol from your body.

What are the treatments for high cholesterol?

If you have high cholesterol, lifestyle changes can help you to lower your cholesterol level. But sometimes the lifestyle changes are not enough, and you need to take cholesterol medicines. You should still continue with the lifestyle changes even though you are taking medicines. This will keep the dose of your medicine as low as possible and lower your risk of heart diseases in other ways.

Who needs cholesterol medicines?

Your health care provider may prescribe medicine if:

  • You have already had a heart attack or stroke, or you have peripheral arterial disease.
  • Your LDL (bad) cholesterol level is 190 mg/dL or higher.
  • You are 40-75 years old, you have diabetes, and your LDL cholesterol level is 70 mg/dL or higher
  • You are 40-75 years old, you have a high risk of developing heart disease or stroke, and your LDL cholesterol level is 70 mg/dL or higher.

What are the different types of medicines for cholesterol?

There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available, including

  • Statins, which block the liver from making cholesterol
  • Bile acid sequestrants, which decrease the amount of fat absorbed from food
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors, which decrease the amount of cholesterol absorbed from food and lower triglycerides.
  • Nicotinic acid (niacin), which lowers LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides and raises HDL (good) cholesterol. Even though you can buy niacin without a prescription, you should talk to your health care provider before taking it to lower your cholesterol. High doses of niacin can cause serious side effects.
  • Fibrates, which lower triglycerides. They may also raise HDL (good) cholesterol. If you take them with statins, they may increase the risk of muscle problems.

There are also some combination medicines, which include more than one type of cholesterol-lowering medicine.

How does my health care provider decide which cholesterol medicine I should take?

When deciding which medicine you should take and which dose you need, your health care provider will consider

  • Your cholesterol levels
  • Your risk for heart disease and stroke
  • Your age
  • Any other health problems you have
  • Possible side effects of the medicines. Higher doses are more likely to cause side effects, especially over time.

Medicines can help control your cholesterol, but they don’t cure it. You need to keep taking your medicines and get regular cholesterol checks to make sure that you cholesterol levels are in a healthy range.

MedlinePlus: How to Lower Cholesterol

What is cholesterol?

Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can stick to the walls of your arteries and narrow or even block them. This puts you at risk for coronary artery disease and other heart diseases.

There are two main types of cholesterol. LDL is the “bad” cholesterol. A high LDL level leads to a buildup of cholesterol in your arteries. HDL is the “good” cholesterol. It carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Then your liver removes the cholesterol from your body.

There are steps that you can take to lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise your HDL (good) cholesterol. By keeping your cholesterol levels in range, you can lower your risk of heart diseases.

What are the treatments for high cholesterol?

The main treatments for high cholesterol are therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) and medicines.

Lifestyle changes to lower cholesterol

Therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) helps to lower cholesterol through

  • The TLC Diet. This diet is a low-saturated-fat, low-cholesterol eating plan. It recommends that you eat and drink only enough calories to stay at a healthy weight and avoid weight gain. It encourages you to choose a variety of nutritious foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. Other types of diets, such as the DASH diet to lower high blood pressure, might also lower your cholesterol.
  • Weight Management. If you are overweight, losing weight can help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol. This is especially important for people with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that includes high triglyceride levels, low HDL (good) cholesterol levels, and being overweight with a large waist measurement (more than 40 inches for men and more than 35 inches for women).
  • Physical Activity. Everyone should get regular physical activity (30 minutes on most, if not all, days).

Also, if you are a smoker, you should quit. Quitting smoking can raise your HDL (good) cholesterol. Since HDL helps to remove LDL (bad) cholesterol from your arteries, having more HDL can help to lower your LDL cholesterol.

Medicines to lower cholesterol

For some people, therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) alone does not their lower cholesterol enough. They may also need to take medicines. There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available. They work in different ways and can have different side effects. Talk to your health care provider about which medicine is right for you.

Even if you take medicines to lower your cholesterol, you still need to continue with TLC. This will keep the dose of medicine as low as possible, and lower your risk of heart diseases in other ways as well.

Supplements to lower cholesterol

Some companies sell supplements that they say can lower cholesterol. Researchers have studied many of these supplements, including red yeast rice, flaxseed, and garlic. At this time, there isn’t conclusive evidence that any of them are effective in lowering cholesterol levels. Also, supplements may cause side effects and interactions with medicines. Always check with your health care provider before you take any supplements.

LCQ19: Assisting children from grass-roots families in tackling difficulties encountered in online learning

LCQ19: Assisting children from grass-roots families in tackling difficulties encountered in online learning


     Following is a question by the Dr Hon Fernando Cheung and a written reply by the Secretary for Innovation and Technology, Mr Nicholas W Yang, in the Legislative Council today (January 17):
     Some parents of students have pointed out that upon cessation of operation of the Internet Learning Support Programme (the Support Programme) in August this year, children from grass-roots families will face a number of problems in online learning, including (i) the Internet service fees (about $200 to $300 per month) will be twice of those for the Internet access services subscribed through the Support Programme because such service is available from only one Internet service provider for most of the inadequate housing (e.g. sub-divisions of flat units/cubicle apartments in old tenement buildings and remote areas) in which those children commonly reside, and (ii) parents of grass-roots families in general lack knowledge of computer technology and hence are unable to help their children tackle difficulties in online learning.  Those parents are of the view that as the Government is actively implementing science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education, it should provide more support for children from grass-roots families to help them learn information technology. In this connection, will the Government inform this Council:
(1) how the Government will help children from grass-roots families tackle the two aforesaid problems;
(2) as the Government indicated in the 2017 Policy Agenda that it would invite the Community Care Fund to consider providing subsidy to needy primary and secondary students for purchasing tablet computers, of the progress of such work; the details of the proposed subsidy scheme (e.g. the implementation date, as well as the specifications of the tablet computers to be purchased with the subsidy and the software to be installed in them);
(3) apart from providing subsidy to children from grass-roots families for purchasing tablet computers, how the Government will help them tackle the various problems encountered in online learning, including the lack of financial means to purchase learning software, antivirus software and computer maintenance service; and
(4) given that the Government recommends that in implementing STEM education, schools should arrange their students to take computer programming and coding courses, but those courses are often conducted after school and for a fee, and some parents of students therefore anticipate that such situation will widen the gap in learning between children from rich and poor families, of the support to be provided by the Government for children from grass-roots families to help them take such courses?
     Having consulted the Education Bureau (EDB), our reply to the four parts of the question is as follows:
(1) and (3) The Internet Learning Support Programme (ILSP) has been implemented since 2011.Its objective is to facilitate non-profit-making organisations (NGOs) in progressively developing a long-term operating model within the five-year funding period to provide continuous support on Internet learning to needy students. Having regard to the financial position of the ILSP, we extended it for two years up to August 2018 after consulting the Panel on Information Technology and Broadcasting of the Legislative Council in February 2016. We understand that having accumulated experience over the years and established good relationships with the beneficiary families and students, the two NGOs implementing the ILSP intend to continue to provide Internet learning support services to students from low-income families after the ILSP ends, and are currently looking into the scope of services and related details.
     To support needy students in respect of Internet learning at home, the Student Finance Office and the Social Welfare Department will continue to provide Subsidy for Internet Access Charges for eligible families. Moreover, to facilitate Internet learning by students outside schools, the Government has been providing free Wi-Fi services at all 69 public libraries in Hong Kong. The Office of the Government Chief Information Officer also subsidises around 170 study rooms and youth service centres operated by NGOs to offer free Wi-Fi services, which are expected to be in full operation in early 2018.
(2) The EDB has been implementing the Fourth Strategy on Information Technology in Education to enhance interactive learning and teaching experience. One of the key measures is to equip all public sector schools with Wi-Fi coverage in all classrooms to facilitate the use of mobile computing devices for e-learning. Relevant construction works will generally be completed in the 2017/18 school year. At present, quite a number of schools have implemented Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) and are using e-learning resources, e-textbooks and learning management systems to personalise student learning. The Government understands that the development of BYOD will increase the financial burden on students from low-income families. Thus, the Chief Executive’s 2017 Policy Agenda announced that the EDB would invite the Community Care Fund (CCF) to consider providing subsidy to needy secondary and primary students for purchasing tablet computers to conduct e-learning. The EDB is working on the details and will submit the programme proposal to the CCF for consideration.
(4) The aim of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education is to enhance students’ interests in science, technology and mathematics, strengthen their ability to integrate and apply knowledge and skills, foster their creativity, collaboration and problem solving skills, so as to nurture talents/ experts in STEM-related areas to facilitate the economic development of Hong Kong.
     In the school curriculum, STEM education is not limited to information technology in education/coding education, but is implemented through the curricula of the science, technology and mathematics Key Learning Areas, as well as STEM-related learning activities conducted outside the classroom, including project learning and various competitions. The EDB released the Computational Thinking – Coding Education: Supplement to the Primary Curriculum in 2017 and encouraged schools to incorporate elements of coding education into the relevant curricula to enhance students’ computational thinking skills. We have started organising professional development programmes for teachers to enhance their ability to implement coding education in schools, and are developing learning and teaching resources for teachers’ reference. Similar to that for other subjects, there is no need for parents to arrange primary students to attend fee-charging courses on coding during off-school hours, since the coding education provided by schools are already sufficient.


Ends/Wednesday, January 17, 2018
Issued at HKT 12:19


Speech by S for IT at opening ceremony of Jockey Club Enhancing Youth Empathy Project through Immersive Visualisation Exhibition (English only) (with photo)

Speech by S for IT at opening ceremony of Jockey Club Enhancing Youth Empathy Project through Immersive Visualisation Exhibition (English only) (with photo)


     Following is the speech by the Secretary for Innovation and Technology, Mr Nicholas W Yang, at the opening ceremony of the Jockey Club Enhancing Youth Empathy Project through Immersive Visualisation Exhibition today (January 17):
Lester (Chairman of the Council of the City University of Hong Kong (CityU), Mr Lester Garson Huang), Professor Kuo (President of CityU, Professor Way Kuo), Winnie (Head of Charities (Grant Making – Youth, Education & Training, Poverty) of the Hong Kong Jockey Club, Ms Winnie Ying), distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
     Good morning and happy new year. 
     I am delighted to join you today at the opening ceremony of the Jockey Club Enhancing Youth Empathy Project through Immersive Visualisation Exhibition. What we are witnessing today are truly impressive, i.e. collaboration and innovative solutions from NGOs, academics and students to empower our young people to develop passion for needy groups in the society, and to develop a stronger sense of responsibility among them to address the related social challenges. This initiative aligns well with the policy objectives of the Innovation and Technology Bureau.
     Innovation and technology is not just about economic growth. It also can do good in terms of social improvements. And this is something that our Bureau is trying to do. The $500 million Innovation and Technology Fund for Better Living finances innovation and technology projects for NGOs to work together and utilise innovation and technology to solve social problems. These projects can be in the areas of education, environment, health or transport. Taking advantage of technology, we aim to improve the life of our citizens and address social issues in a more effective and efficient manner. 
     Immersive technologies are also starting to gain ground in Hong Kong’s training, industrial, educational, healthcare and entertainment sectors. We are also encouraged that $28 million funding from the Innovation and Technology Fund has been approved for projects that involve application of immersive technologies. These include virtual-reality training systems for construction workers, law enforcement officers handling incidents involving assault amongst inmates in custody, as well as aircraft engineers in conducting safety inspection. 
     Complementing the traditional media, immersive technologies can create sensory experiences through three-dimensional visual and audio effects, holography, haptic technology and artificial olfaction simultaneously. I am very delighted to see that the City University is pioneering the efforts to adopt immersive technologies to drive social innovation.
     In fact, what we are seeing in the exhibition today is the innovative use of immersive technologies to allow participants to experience the challenges facing a group of persons, such as ethnic minorities and the elderly or even that of another species – in this case a whale! The potential benefits boil down to better understanding the social or environmental issues from different perspectives, reducing inter-group conflicts, enhancing empathy in the community and even providing remedies to social problems. For example, thanks to the immersive visualisation, participants have hands-on understanding about the needs of wheelchair users, and came up with a system which facilitates mobility with greater independence and convenience.
     I would like to thank the City University and the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust for sharing and executing the mission in youth education and social development. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Jockey Club for their patronage and sponsorship, and to the City University for their promotion of the use of innovative technologies to address social issues. I wish the project a resounding success, doing good and doing well.
     Thank you very much.


Ends/Wednesday, January 17, 2018
Issued at HKT 12:14


Health risk category for Air Quality Health Index may reach “Serious” Level

Health risk category for Air Quality Health Index may reach “Serious” Level


     The Environmental Protection Department (EPD) has recorded higher than normal pollution levels. At 11am today (January 17), the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) at a roadside station reached 10, corresponding to the “Very High” health risk category.

     The weather in Hong Kong today is fine but hazy with light to moderate northeasterly winds. Higher than normal levels of nitrogen dioxide and particulates have been recorded in the territory since early this morning. Hong Kong is being affected by an airstream with higher background pollutant concentrations. In addition, light wind hinders effective dispersion of air pollutants. Sunshine enhances photochemical smog activity and the formation of ozone and fine particulates, resulting in today’s high pollution in the vicinity of Hong Kong. The high level of ozone has promoted the formation of nitrogen dioxide, particularly in parts of the urban areas and at the roadside. It is expected that the AQHI at some general and roadside air monitoring stations may reach “Serious” level later today.

     According to the Hong Kong Observatory, it will be cloudier with a few rain patches in the next couple of days. It is expected that pollution levels will improve.

     With a health risk category in the “Very High” range or above, children, the elderly and persons with existing heart or respiratory illnesses are advised to reduce physical exertion and outdoor activities to a minimum or avoid such activities. The general public are advised to reduce, or reduce to a minimum, outdoor physical exertion, and to reduce time staying outdoors, especially in areas with heavy traffic. As health effects of air pollutants may vary for individuals, persons who are in doubt or experience discomfort should seek advice from health-care professionals. The public may visit the Centre for Health Protection’s website ( for more information on health effects of air pollution and relevant health advice.

     The Education Bureau (EDB) urges all schools to visit the EDB website for appropriate measures to safeguard students’ health and take note of changes in the index. The relevant hyperlink is as follows:

     When the AQHI is at the “Very High” level, employers of outdoor workers performing heavy manual work are advised to assess the risk of outdoor work and take appropriate preventive measures to protect the health of their employees such as reducing outdoor physical exertion and the time of their stay outdoors, especially in areas with heavy traffic. At the “Serious” level, employers of all outdoor workers are advised to assess the risk of outdoor work and take appropriate preventive measures to protect the health of their employees.

     Members of the public can check the current AQHI readings at the EPD’s website ( or by calling the hotline 2827 8541.


Ends/Wednesday, January 17, 2018
Issued at HKT 12:15


Former Head of Barclays New York Foreign Exchange Operation Indicted for Orchestrating Multimillion-Dollar Front-Running Scheme

The former head of Barclays Capital Inc.’s (Barclays) New York foreign exchange trading operation was charged yesterday in an indictment for his alleged role in a scheme to defraud a client of Barclays through a method commonly referred to as “front-running.”  The charges relate to the manipulation of foreign exchange options in advance of an exceptionally large trade by the Palo Alto, California-based Hewlett-Packard Company (HP) in 2011.

Acting Assistant Attorney General John P. Cronan of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, Acting U.S. Attorney Alex G. Tse of the Northern District of California and Inspector General Jay N. Lerner of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) made the announcement.  


Robert Bogucki, 45, of East Setauket, New York, was charged in an indictment filed in the Northern District of California on Jan. 16, with one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and six counts of wire fraud.  Bogucki will make his initial appearance on Wednesday, Jan. 17, at 2:00pm in Brooklyn, New York, before U.S. Magistrate Judge Cheryl L. Pollak of the Eastern District of New York. 

“Robert Bogucki and others allegedly not only betrayed his client’s confidences, but also risked undermining public trust in the foreign exchange options market,” said Acting Assistant Attorney General Cronan.  “The Criminal Division and our law enforcement partners remain committed to protecting American interests by investigating and prosecuting sophisticated schemes such as the one alleged in this indictment.”


 “The indictment returned today charges a fraudulent manipulation scheme where the defendant betrayed Barclays’ client by lying and misusing the client information, and then masked the activities,” said Inspector General Lerner.  “We are pleased to work with our law enforcement partners in investigating these matters and protecting the integrity of the banking system against such alleged abuses.”


According to the indictment, in September and October 2011, Bogucki misused information provided to him by HP, which had hired Barclays to execute a foreign exchange transaction related to the planned acquisition of a UK-based company.  Barclays was selected to execute the foreign exchange transaction – which required the sale of 6 billion British pounds worth of options – in September 2011.  The defendant and other Barclays employees assured HP and its employees that they understood the need to keep the planned transaction, which was exceptionally large, and therefore “market-moving,” confidential.  Instead, Bogucki and other Barclays employees allegedly used the confidential information they received to manipulate the price of “volatility,” a metric that affects the value of foreign exchange options.  During conversations with Bogucki, one Barclays trader stated that he and other traders would “bash the sh*t out of” and “spank the market” to depress the price of volatility.  Other Barclays traders also discussed “hammer[ing] the market lower” in order to decrease the value of the HP’s options.

The indictment alleges that, as part of the scheme, Bogucki made misrepresentations to HP and its employees about Barclays’ activities and the state of the options market that concealed the self-serving nature of Barclays’ actions.  Specifically, the indictment alleges that Bogucki directed options trading in a way that was designed to depress the price of volatility, to the benefit of Barclays and at HP’s expense.

The charges in the indictment are merely allegations, and the defendant is presumed innocent unless proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law.  This is the second indictment brought against the head of a foreign exchange desk of a global financial institution related to the Criminal Division’s ongoing investigation of fraud and manipulation in the foreign exchange markets.

The investigation is being conducted by the FDIC’s Office of Inspector General.  Assistant Chief Brian Young and Trial Attorney Justin Weitz of the Criminal Division’s Fraud Section are prosecuting the case.  The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California provided substantial assistance in this matter.

HID Global Rolls Out Next-Generation Credential Management System Capabilities for Virtual Smart Cards, Derived Credentials & Cloud Deployment

AUSTIN, Texas, January 15, 2018 – HID Global®, a worldwide leader in trusted identity solutions, today announced a new version of its Credential Management System (CMS) that digitizes smart card technology, expands the use of digital certificates in credentials and reaches new platforms that plastic cards don’t reach.  The new ActivID® CMS 5.0 makes it possible for people to be authenticated for digital access without using a physical smart card. 

Ultimately, HID’s new CMS will help strengthen capabilities to prevent data breaches and create a trusted digital environment. With ActivID CMS 5.0, organizations can have greater confidence to trust the people who are accessing their networks and conducting digital transactions.   

With the introduction of virtual smart cards and derived credentials, ActivID CMS 5.0 makes identity more portable digitally across cards, phones and other devices, takes advantage of new Windows® software capabilities to simplify deployment of credentials, and offers the robustness and flexibility for customers to manage people’s credentials from the cloud. 

HID’s CMS is widely used in the U.S. federal government to manage government ID badges (known as PIV cards) as well as by enterprise organizations to increase the secure access of online resources.  A number of technology and solution partners also rely on HID’s CMS for credential management.  The customer needs that led to the development of the new capabilities in ActivID CMS 5.0 include:

  • Eliminate the burden and cost of physically provisioning each plastic card for digital access and attaching a physical reader to a computer by making deployment easier and more cost-efficient
  • Transport the same “identity’ of a person from a card to a mobile device in a seamless and compliant way
  • Provide a cloud-ready solution for partners to integrate CMS 5.0 functionality into their own cloud platforms

“Our ActivID Credential Management System 5.0 is a step up for digital identity, addressing the evolving expectations of our millions of customers who are currently on CMS 4,” said Brad Jarvis, Vice President & Managing Director, IAM Solutions, with HID Global.  “With ActivID CMS 5.0, we are adding a higher level of trust to digital IDs and extending the types of applications that can benefit from HID’s identity and access management solutions, namely Windows logon, VPN, document signing, encryption, online resource access and multi-factor authentication – all without requiring a physical card or attached reader.”    

Leveraging a Trusted Platform Module (TPM), virtual smart cards are a secure alternative to smart cards, OTP tokens and other authentication methods. Furthermore, with derived credentials, ActivID CMS 5.0 will enable users to use the device of choice, such as reading encrypted email on a mobile phone instead of on a desktop computer.  The same process that is commonly deployed to issue a physical smart card is used to issue derived credentials, so customers can have the assurance that security is retained while simplifying deployment and reducing costs. 

Working with PIV credentials, ActivID CMS 5.0 is fully compliant with the National Institute for Standard and Technology (NIST) FIPS 201 standard, including PIV derived credentials.  HID Global is the market leader for PIV cards, which are used by US federal employees to access online government resources. 

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About HID Global

HID Global powers the trusted identities of the world’s people, places and things.  We make it possible for people to transact safely, work productively and travel freely. Our trusted identity solutions give people convenient access to physical and digital places and connect things that can be identified, verified and tracked digitally. Millions of people around the world use HID products and services to navigate their everyday lives, and over 2 billion things are connected through HID technology. We work with governments, educational institutions, hospitals, financial institutions, industrial businesses and some of the most innovative companies on the planet. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, HID Global has over 3,000 employees worldwide and operates international offices that support more than 100 countries. HID Global® is an ASSA ABLOY Group brand. For more information, visit

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SHA's speech at Opening Ceremony of Race Village of Volvo Ocean Race (English only)

SHA’s speech at Opening Ceremony of Race Village of Volvo Ocean Race (English only)


     Following is the speech by the Secretary for Home Affairs, Mr Lau Kong-wah, at the Opening Ceremony of the Race Village of the Volvo Ocean Race today (January 17):
Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
     Good morning. I am delighted to join you all here at the opening ceremony of the Race Village of the Volvo Ocean Race for the Hong Kong Stopover.
     The Volvo Ocean Race is the longest and toughest professional sporting event and one of the top three sailing competitions in the world. 
     We are proud to play host as a Stopover city, and we have the first-ever participation of a Hong Kong team in the Race. I am really eager to see the seven participating teams competing in our iconic Victoria Harbour. Their presence in our own waters will reinforce Hong Kong’s status as a centre for international sporting events.
     For years, the Hong Kong Government has been committed to promoting sports through the staging of mega events. The Volvo Ocean Race Hong Kong Stopover is awarded the “M” Mark status by our Major Sports Events Committee. It is also a celebration highlight of the 20th anniversary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. 
     With the aim to share the excitement with our people, there will be free admission for all during the Race Festival. Quite a number of activities can be expected and we hope that the public and our visitors will enjoy all the programmes.
     I would like to say that the hosting of the Stopover in Hong Kong would not be possible without our dedicated partners and supporters. On behalf of the Hong Kong Government, I would like to take this opportunity to express my heartfelt gratitude to the Hong Kong Sailing Federation, the Volvo Group, HGC and all volunteers for their valuable contribution in making this highly anticipated event happen. My thanks also go to all other sponsors for their great generosity and total support.
     Last but not least, I wish the Race every success and our overseas guests an enjoyable stay in Hong Kong. Thank you.


Ends/Wednesday, January 17, 2018
Issued at HKT 11:28


Objective Work Plan

The Objective Work Plan (OWP) form is required with all ANA grant applications. It is included in ANA’s application kit as a fillable form in Grants.Gov.  For electronic submission, the form must be completed in Grants.Gov.

In the event that an applicant has requested and been granted an exception to apply in paper format, a fillable version of the OWP form is available for download here:

Click here to download the OWP form

Objective Work Plan (OWP) Guidance

The OWP organizes and presents project elements to highlight connections, and support monitoring of project progress and achievement. The alignment of Objectives and Outcomes serves to highlight the relationship between the two elements. Identification of key activities and the alignment to project Outputs (tangibles that must be accomplished in order to achieve objectives), provides a blueprint for implementation and benchmarks to mark progress.

A maximum of three objectives may be proposed throughout the entire project period. In multi-year projects, some objectives may continue for multiple budget periods. A separate OWP form should be completed for each objective for each budget period of the project year.

Each section of the OWP should be completed according to the following instructions:

  1. Project Title: Identify the project title. The same title appears in box 15 of the SF-424 form and will be used throughout the entire project period.
  2. Project Year: Identify the project year for the OWP form (e.g., 1, 2, or 3). The Objective Work Plan should be organized by project year not objective. For example, if your project has 3 objectives for 3 years than you should organize your OWP listing all of year 1’s objectives then start on year 2, and complete the form with year 3’s objectives.
  3. Project Goal: Identify the goal of the project as stated in the project narrative. The project goal is a statement describing what role the project will play in the enhancing the current community condition.
  4. Objectives: Include the objective as stated in the project narrative. Each objective must include the following four elements: a timeline by which the objective will be achieved; a target measurement for the intended change; an indicator; and the target population. Each form should have only one objective. Objectives should be consistently stated between project years. For example, a two year project with three objectives will have the following OWPs:
    • Year 1: Objective 1, Objective 2, Objective 3
    • Year 2: Objective 1, Objective 2, Objective 3
  5. Outcomes: One outcome must be identified for each objective to describe the most significant change the objective will produce. Include the Outcome for the objective as stated in the project narrative.
  6. Milestone Activities: Milestone Activities are key project activities needed to successfully achieve each output. It is likely that more than one Milestone Activity will be needed in order to produce an output. A maximum of 25 Milestone Activities should be listed for each year of an objective.
  7. Outputs: Outputs are the direct, tangible results of activities, including who will be reached and how many. This is often expressed as a target number of activities completed and/or people served. Because multiple Milestone activities may result in a single output, activities should be listed chronologically by output to demonstrate the logical connection between activities and outputs.
    • Documents produced, curricula or education materials developed, research, ordinances or laws developed;
    • The number of classes taught, meetings held, or materials produced and distributed;
    • Program participation rates; or
    • Hours of each type of service provided. Please note, no outputs are required to be listed for Administrative Activities.
  8. Project Staff: List all staff members directly working on an activity.
  9. Start Date: Identify realistic dates within the budget period when work on each activity will begin. Use absolute dates. September 30, 2020 should be written 9/30/2020.
  10. End Date: Enter the date within the budget period when work the activity will be completed. If an activity will continue into the next budget period, please indicate the last day of the current budget period for the activity. Use absolute dates. September 30, 2020 should be written 9/30/2020.
  11. Administrative Activities: The following Administrative activities should be included under only one objective for each year of project implementation. They should be listed after all Milestone Activities, and must include the following:
    • Reporting (OPR, ADR, 425, DPM)
    • Post Award Training (1st year of project only)
    • Grantee Meeting
    • Project staff orientation
    • Data collection and evaluation
    • Establish federal system account access and official grant file

For electronic submission of your application, please review the guidance below on how to fill out the OWP on

  1. Fill out the SF-424 with the official title of your project which will then transfer to the Objective Work Plan “title” field. The “title” field is not editable as it pulls directly from the SF-424.
  2. All open fields are required and an error message will pop up for fields left blank in the form.
  3. Use complete dates including the month/day/year (for example: 00/00/0000). There is a calendar option as well in which you can choose a date on the pop up option. If the applicant is inputting future years, the manual entry is usually the faster option for entering the start and end dates.
  4. Please ensure that the start date is before the end date. Please also ensure that the start and end dates are not the same exact date.
  5. Applicants should add only one activity at a time. If the applicant adds many activity fields without filling in the information, there will be multiple pop ups due to incomplete fields.
  6. The Objective Work Plan should be organized by project year not objective. For example, if your project has 3 objectives for 3 years than you should organize your OWP listing all of year 1’s objectives then start on year 2, and complete the form with year 3’s objectives.
  7. When you add a project year to the form, the objectives from the previous year will automatically pre-populate to the new project year added. Applicants will have the ability to edit and subtract these objectives and objective statements if they are not necessary for the final work plan. As a reminder, you can only have 3 objectives for the entire project period.

Over 5 300 vacancies on offer at North District Recruitment and Training Expo 2018

Over 5 300 vacancies on offer at North District Recruitment and Training Expo 2018


     The Labour Department, the Social Services, Labour and Economic Affairs Committee of the North District Council and the Hong Kong Youth Power Association will jointly hold the North District Recruitment and Training Expo 2018 at Lung Sum Avenue Sports Centre in Sheung Shui on January 19.

     A total of 66 organisations will participate in the Expo. Fifty-eight organisations, mainly from the retail, catering and property management industries, offering over 5 300 vacancies, will set up counters and conduct on-the-spot recruitment. Eight training organisations will provide information on training courses to visitors. Three skill demonstration sessions have also been arranged for the afternoon, with topics including new year household cleaning tips and simple home maintenance task demonstration.

     The vacancies offered cover a wide variety of positions including shop assistant, clerk, promotion and education assistant, security guard, driver, technician, storekeeper, cashier, cook, waiter/waitress, metal scaffolder, beautician and others. Job seekers can find more information on the department’s Interactive Employment Service website (

     Around 76 per cent of the vacancies are full-time jobs. Most vacancies offer monthly salaries ranging from $8,000 to $16,000. Over 97 per cent of the vacancies require a Secondary Six education level or below. Around 73 per cent are open to job seekers who may lack relevant experience.

     Job seekers can submit applications on the spot and may be selected for on-site interviews. They can also register for employment services and make enquiries on the Work Incentive Transport Subsidy Scheme at the Labour Department’s counter.

     The Expo will be held from 11am to 5.30pm at Lung Sum Avenue Sports Centre, 155 Jockey Club Road, Sheung Shui (next to North District Sports Ground). Admission is free.


Ends/Wednesday, January 17, 2018
Issued at HKT 11:00